A Civil War Biography

Ambrose Ransom Wright

Wright was born 26 April 1826 in Louisville, Georgia. After studying the law and being admitted to the bar he took an interest in politics and joined the Democratic party. Following his unsuccessful candidacy as a Democrat for presidential elector representing Georgia in the election of 1856 he switched to the Know-Nothing party. He supported the Bell and Everett ticket in the election of 1860. After the election Wright became an ardent supporter of secession. He was sent as a commissioner by Georgia's secession convention to induce Maryland to join the secession movement.

Once the Southern Confederacy was formed Wright enlisted as a private in the new nation's army. He helped raise the 3rd Georgia infantry regiment and was commissioned its colonel on 8 May 1861. On 15 October 1861 he became colonel of the 38th Georgia infantry. He saw action early in the war in North Carolina and Georgia. He was promoted to brigadier general on 3 June 1862 and transferred to the Army of Northern Virginia. He commanded a brigade in Benjamin Huger's division during the Seven Days. Wright commanded a brigade in Richard H. "Fighting Dick" Anderson's division at Second Manassas, Sharpsburg where he was wounded, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, and Cold Harbor. Wright commanded a brigade in William Mahone's division at Petersburg. Mahone had succeeded to division command when Anderson was named Corps commander. Wright was elected to the Georgia state senate in 1863. He was promoted to major general on 26 November 1864 and assigned to his home state where he remained until the end of the war. He ran unsuccessfully

After the war ended Wright returned to the practice of law. In 1866 he became editor of the "Chronicle and Sentinel" a local newspaper in Augusta, Georgia. He ran unsuccessfully for the US Senate in 1871 and was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1872. He was elected to the US House of Representatives in 1872 but he died in Augusta on 21 December 1872 before he could take his seat in the US Congress.

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