A Civil War Biography
Charles Thomas Campbell
Campbell was born 10 August 1823 in Franklin County, Pennsylvania.
He was educated at Marshall College. When war broke out with Mexico
in 1847 he entered the army as a 2nd lieutenant in the 8th US
Infantry. He was promoted to captain in August 1847 and mustered out
of service in 1848.
In 1852 Campbell was elected to the lower house of the Pennsylvania
legislature. At the outbreak of the civil war Campbell helped
recruit a company of artillery in Franklin County. He was named
captain. The company became part of the 1st PA light artillery, also
known as the 43rd PA or the 14th PA Reserves, which was formed
following a call for volunteers by James Brady of Philadelphia on 13
April 1861. The regiment was the 43rd formed in Pennsylvania. It
also was the 1st artillery regiment and the 14th regiment formed
after the legislature passed and Governor Andrew G. Curtin signed
legislation on 15 May 1861 establishing the "Reserve Volunteer Corps
of the Commonwealth."
When Captain Richard H. Rush of the regular army who had been made
colonel and given command of the 43rd PA, declined to accept command
in the Reserve Corps, and subsequently was commissioned a colonel in
the regular army attached to the 6th US Cavalry, Campbell, who had
been promoted to lieutenant colonel was elected colonel and new
regimental commander. He remained with the 43rd only until December
when he took command of the 57th PA Infantry. He commanded the 57th
at Fair Oaks where his horse was shot out from under him and he
received two severe wounds. He was appointed brigadier general of
volunteers in November of 1862 but the appointment expired. He again
led the 57th at Fredericksburg where he was again severely wounded
and left for dead.
His wounds prevented further active service but Campbell was
promoted to brigadier general on 13 March 1863 and given command of
the Wisconsin District. In 1866 Campbell relocated to South Dakota
working as an Inspector of Indian agencies. In 1870 he established a
stagecoach stop along the Firesteel Trail. This stop, which included
his residence, an inn, a general store and a large horse barn became
the town of Scotland, South Dakota. Campbell who became active in
Democratic politics served as mayor of the town he created. He also
ran a hotel. Campbell died 15 April 1895 in Scotland, South Dakota.
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