A Civil War Biography
John Calvin Brown
John Calvin Brown was born in Giles County, Tennessee on 6 January
1827. At the age of nineteen he graduated from Jackson College,
Tennessee then was admitted to the bar at Pulaski, Tennessee in
1848. He practiced law successfully until May 1861 when he joined
the 3rd Infantry regiment in the provisional army of Tennessee as a
captain. On 16 May 1861 he was commissioned colonel of the regiment
which became the 3rd TN in the provisional army of the Confederacy
when Tennessee joined the other seceded states.
At Fort Donelson Brown commanded the 3rd Brigade in Buckner's
Division. When the fort was surrendered on 16 February 1862 Brown
became a prisoner of war. Shortly after being exchanged six months
later, Brown was promoted to brigadier general on 30 August 1862. He
commanded a brigade in Hardee's Left Wing of the Army of the
Mississippi at Perryville where on 8 October 1862 he was wounded.
Commanding a brigade in Buckner's Corps, Brown was wounded at
Chickamauga. He commanded a brigade then a division in Hardee's
Corps at Chattanooga. Brown was promoted to major general on 4
August 1864 and commanded a division at the end of the Atlanta
He accompanied Hood during the late 1864 Tennessee campaign,
commanding the 3rd Davison in Cheatham's Corps at Franklin where he
was seriously wounded. He returned to duty before the end of the war
and was surrendered with Johnston.
Following the war Brown returned to Pulaski and his law practice. He
was a member of the state constitutional convention which met at
Nashville in 1870 then was elected governor of Tennessee serving two
terms from 1871 until 1875. He was a delegate the Democratic
National convention in 1876. He then became president of a railroad
company and a coal and iron company. Brown died 17 August 1889 in
Red Boiling Springs, Tennessee.
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