A Civil War Biography
Joseph Pannell Taylor
Taylor was born 4 May 1796 in Louisville, Kentucky. He enlisted as a
private to fight in the War of 1812 and rose to the rank of
lieutenant winning a commission on 20 May 1813. He was discharged on
15 June 1815 when the war ended. He was reinstated in the regular
army as a lieutenant of artillery on 17 May 1816 and was promoted to
captain on 6 July 1825. In 1829 Taylor was reassigned to the
commissary department. He was brevetted colonel on 30 May 1848 for
his performance in supply during the Mexican War, then was promoted
to full colonel on 29 September 1861.
As assistant commissary general Taylor was responsible for supplying
Union forces in both theaters of the war. When Colonel George
Gibson, the commissary general, died a few months after the
beginning of the war, Taylor became commissary general. On 9
February 1863 he was promoted to brigadier general when Congress
passed an act stipulating that the commissary general hold the rank
Taylor died on 29 June 1864 while at his post in Washington DC.
Joseph Taylor's brother was Zachary Taylor, the 12th president of
the United States. Joseph's nephew was Confederate Lieutenant
General Richard Taylor, Zachary's son. Joseph's niece was Sarah Knox
Taylor, Zachary's daughter and the first wife of the eventual
president of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis.
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