This Day in the Civil War

Friday, Jan. 10,1862

From his base in Cairo, Illinois, General Ulysses Grant led a unit on a march in the general direction of Columbus, Ky. There were no particular Confederate forces in the vicinity, although minor skirmishing did occur. The weather was wet, cold and miserable, and the main purpose of the exercise was to train both troops and commander to handle such field conditions.

Saturday, Jan. 10,1863

Union Maj. Gen. John A. McClernand led his forces fifty miles from the Mississippi up the Arkansas River to Arkansas Post, also known as Fort Hindman. They began the envelopment of the fort. Attempts by Brig. Gen. T.J. Churchill’s Confederates to use artillery against the attack were thwarted by Union gunboat bombardment from the river. This would appear to be an excellent maneuver on McClernand's part except for the minor fact that he did not have entirely proper authorization to do it.

Sunday, Jan. 10, 1864

Lockwood’s Folly Inlet proved well-named (at least the "folly" part) for the ill-fated USS Iron Age. The ship of the blockade ran aground on an unnoticed sand bar off the South Carolina coast. It was destroyed by artillery fire from shore batteries. The blockade as a whole, though, was tighter than ever, and numerous ships were being captured.

Tuesday, Jan. 10, 1865

Commander Bulloch, of the Confederate Navy, wrote Richmond today with a complicated story. He had ordered a ship built in France. Paris refused delivery, selling it instead to Denmark for the Schleswig-Holstein War. That war ended abruptly and the Danes refused to take the ship, now named the Sphinx. Bulloch bought it secretly, renamed her the CSS Stonewall, and requested a captain and crew be sent.

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