Monday, April 7 1862
SHILOH SAVAGERY SETTLES INTO SILENCE
The Battle of Shiloh entered its second day with the arrival of
Union reinforcements under Gen. Lew Wallace (who had to survive in
order to write “Ben-Hur” years later) and Gen. Don Carlos Buell (who
wrote nothing of note) enabling Grant to declare it a Union victory
since the day ended with them in possession
of the field. In terms of casualties it was closer to a draw: 1754
Union dead, 1723 Confederate. The total casualties, dead, wounded
and missing, were nearly 24,000--more than the Battle of Waterloo.
Tuesday, April 7 1863
CHARLESTON CANNONADE COMMENCES
Flag Officer duPont commenced his attack on Charleston today with
the planned assault on Ft. Sumter. Delayed by tides and later by a
problem with a torpedo raft, the assault got underway at 3 p.m. The
ships were pummeled by fire from both Sumter and Ft. Moultrie, and
all were hit dozens of times. duPont’s flagship, the USS New
Ironsides, sat directly over a 2000 pound torpedo while the
Confederates made a frantic effort to set it off; it was later
determined that a wagon had cut the wire leading to it. Darkness cut
off the attack, and duPont later advised that Charleston could not
be taken by sea assault.
Thursday, April 7 1864
LONGSTREET’S LENGTHY LEAVE LIFTED
Following the battle of Gettysburg, the corps of Confederate Gen.
James Longstreet had been detached from the Army of Northern
Virginia and sent to assist in the defense of the Western theater.
He had arrived just in time for the Battle of Chickamauga,
after which he had moved against Knoxville to no avail, then gone
into winter camp. Today the orders came to return to Virginia.
Friday, April 7 1865
REBEL RAGE RAPIDLY RECEDING
US Grant commenced on this day a most delicate negotiation--he sent
a letter, under flag of truce, to Gen. Robert E. Lee. “The result of
the last week must convince you,” he said, “of the hopelessness of
further resistance...(to avoid) any further effusion of blood, by
asking of you the surrender of that portion of the CS Army known as
the Army of Northern Virginia.”
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