This Day in the Civil War

Sunday July 28 1861

Confederate forces--many of whom had been Texas cowboys and ranch hands just weeks ago--continued their triumphant sweep through what in later years would be known as New Mexico, today taking a fort at St. Augustine Springs, NM, from Capt. John R. Baylor without a shot being fired. Rebel troops also occupied New Madrid, Mo., an important chokepoint on the Mississippi River. And Maj. Gen. George McClellan was named to command the new Army of the Potomac, which some would consider another Confederate victory.

Monday July 28 1862

The passions of the American Civil War were not confined to the two combatant sides. Canada, still a British colony, was obliged to remain officially neutral in line with the policies of Queen Victoria’s government. What was then known as British America would not have its own independence recognized for several more years. Private citizens were not so restrained: in St. Stephens, New Brunswick, today, the offices of the St. Croix Herald were broken into by a mob which destroyed the presses and wrecked other equipment to express disagreement with the papers' editorial stand on the American conflict.

Tuesday July 28 1863

Much correspondence was going back and forth between Gen. Robert E. Lee and his commander-in-chief. Davis wrote today that he would try to get more manpower to the Army of Northern Virginia by rounding up ‘absentees’ and convalescents who were well enough to fight. He also assured that he would try to find secure sources of supplies, including horseshoes. Davis added that he relied heavily on Lee’s advice, and that “If a victim would secure the success of our cause I would freely offer myself.”

Thursday July 28 1864

Atlanta, Ga., was nearly surrounded. With Union cavalry fighting all around the area, Gen. Sherman sent O.O. Howard around the city to secure the important railroad lines on the south side of town. Gen. Hood sent Stephen Lee and A.P. Stewart to fend off this threat, but Howard was in place first at a place called Ezra Church. The attackers, as usual got the worse end of the stick, losing another 5000 casualties to the Union’s 600 or so. Hood was running out of army.

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