Sunday September 1 1861
GRANT GRADUATES TO GRAB GIRARDEAU
The biggest event to previously hit Cape Girardeau, Missouri had
been the New Madrid earthquakes of 1811-12. Things had been
relatively dull since then, but that was not going to continue.
Newly-minted Brig. Gen. U. S. Grant arrived to take charge of the
Union garrison in the river town today. This left him facing a state
whose condition of loyalty to the Federal
government was exceedingly dubious and the Mississippi River to his
back. It was perhaps hoped that his status as a son-in-law of a
slaveholding but firmly Unionist family would be of some help in
Monday September 1 1862
CHANTILLY CONFLICT CREATES CRUEL CASUALTIES
It was technically the last gasp of the Second Battle of Bull Run,
but the conflict was violent to earn it a separate designation,
either as the Battle of Chantilly or Ox Hill. Jackson's flank attack
on the Union right was fierce enough to carry on through a driving
rain and occasional violent thunderstorm into the night. The Union
lines held, but at the cost of two commanders of whom much had been
expected in the future: Isaac I. Stevens and Philip Kearny. Overall
commander John Pope withdrew slightly during the night but the
defenses of Washington were holding firm.
Tuesday September 1 1863
CUMBERLAND CROSSING CHALLENGES
Gen. William S. Rosecrans was the shining star of the Union war
effort during the late summer of 1863, even if his efforts at
securing the vital agricultural center of the Confederacy were
overshadowed by more dramatic actions at Gettysburg in the East and
Vicksburg further west. Today Rosecrans' Army of the Cumberland
continued the crossing of the river from which they took their name.
Before them the troops laboring under command of Braxton Bragg
continued to retreat, and the Army of Tennessee was looking at being
forced out of the state whose name they bore. The immediate target
was the river town of Chattanooga.
Thursday September 1 1864
GEORGIA GUNFIRE GETS GRIM
Sherman's assault on Atlanta continued and Hood could no longer hope
to hold. The last defense was going on in a separate fight known as
the Battle of Jonesborough, where Confederate generals S. D. Lee and
William Hardee struggled to hold off Union troops under George
Thomas and John Schofield. The threat of being flanked and attacked
from the side always loomed. Hood began the evacuation of Atlanta,
destroying what his men could not carry to deny it to the enemy.
Flames roared in the railroad yards and explosions were constant as
munitions were blown up in the town.
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