Monday Sept. 2 1861
FRANKFORT FRENZY FEARED FOLLOWING FREMONT FOOLISHNESS
Maj. Gen. John Fremont, in command of Union forces in Missouri, had
done a bad, bad thing a couple of days ago: he announced his own
little Emancipation Proclamation for the area under his control, and
as a side note promised death and property confiscation for Southern
sympathizers. Lincoln was working frantically to get these measures
rescinded. His motive was not any concern for Show-me State
secessionists, but rather the effect this would have on Kentucky.
Lincoln’s birth state was still officially neutral, and in the
Union. The legislature voted today to fly the Stars and Stripes over
the State House, and Lincoln had high hopes as well as great fears
for the state.
Wednesday Sept. 2 1862
MCCLELLAN MADE MILITARY MASTER
The logic at the time had seemed impeccable: create a new Union
army, the Army of Virginia, and bring John Pope in from the west,
where he had won important battles and otherwise shown promise, to
command it. Its job was to fight Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah
Valley, while the Army of the Potomac guarded Washington and
attacked Richmond. Pope had fought so well that the Army of Virginia
was now skirmishing in the suburbs of Washington, Falls Church and
Vienna. Somehow George McClellan had converted seven losses on the
Peninsula into a victory, while Pope’s three days of 2nd Bull Run
were a blatant defeat. Pope was therefore relieved of command and
both armies were now under McClellan.
Thursday Sept. 2 1863
CONFEDERATES CONCEDE CHATTANOOGA CONTROL
Union Gen. A. E. Burnside’s men occupied Knoxville, Tennessee today
There wasn’t even a battle first, as the city had been essentially
conceded to the opposition, and Burnside’s men just walked in. The
major military consequence of this was the fact that Knoxville held
the connection for the railroad link from Virginia to points further
West, principally Chattanooga. Henceforth when supplies, troops, or
even communications were to be sent to Gen. Braxton Bragg, a
roundabout route would have to be used from Virginia,
down the Atlantic coast into Atlanta, then into Tennessee.
Union Gen. William Rosecrans, Bragg’s opposition, was the major
beneficiary of today’s move.
Saturday, Sept. 2 1864
SOUTHERN CITY SUCCUMBS TO SHERMAN
The first part of a song began to come together today as the armies
of Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman moved
into Atlanta, Ga. on the heels of the retreating Hood. Yesterday had
been the climactic battle, with actions at Jonesborough, Rough and
Ready, and Lovejoy’s Station. Unfortunately, Hood had delayed the
inevitable so long that today large amounts of stores had to be
abandoned to the enemy, and even more destroyed to prevent capture.
Huge fires and explosions testified to the quantities of ammunition
as well as railroad equipment lost to all. Hood’s only hope at this
point was to save his army for another day. He was allowed to do
this as Sherman halted pursuit to consolidate his hold on the city
as well as rest his hard-fought troopers.
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