Warrior: Charles Russell Lowell, Jr.
by Thomas Parson
No one who was there would ever forget the sight. Two brigades of Union cavalry,
nine regiments, stretched out in columns of fours, riding from right to left
across the length of the Federal line. There was a lull in the fighting at Cedar
Creek allowing the troopers to ride the entire front, unchallenged by the
in Field and General Hospitals Of the Confederate States of America
by Michael Koznarsky
Anesthetics, chiefly chloroform, ether and opium/opium derivatives, were widely
used during surgery and for pain relief during the American Civil War. Standard
medical practices of both the United States and Confederate States called for
the use of these anesthetics.
Ride Around Baltimore
by Gary Baker
On June 9, 1864, Confederate General Jubal Early defeated an ad-hoc
Union army under the command of General Lew Wallace at Monocacy
Junction, east of Frederick, Maryland. After his victory, Early
moved against Washington, D.C., and ever since historians have
focused on Early's demonstration in front of Washington's defenses.
Committee on the Conduct of the War: Investigators or Villains?
by Patricia Caldwell
When we think about the political aspects of the Civil War what most
quickly comes to mind are situations such as the secession crisis,
the 1860 election, Lincoln's administration and Jefferson Davis and
the Confederate government.
Zollicoffer and the "Zollie Tree"
by Richard B. Lewis
One of the early martyrs of the Confederacy was Felix Kirk
Zollicoffer. Zollicoffer's military career was short and relatively
obscure - and one wonders if he would earn more than a passing
glance from historians were it not for his bizarre surname (and if
that was not enough, his wife's middle name was Pocahontas).
Ride On Red River
by Laurie Chambliss
No doubt it seemed like a good idea at the time. Vicksburg had been
taken last summer. "The Father of the Waters flows unvexed to the
sea," Lincoln has said. This was better as poetry than as military
analysis, however, as there were still active Confederate forces on
both sides of the lower Mississippi in this spring of 1864.
in Battle: Masons in the Civil War
by Jimmy Stevens
The Alabama artillery lieutenant frowned and twisted his broad
shoulders as he sagged against the muddy wooden wheel of a caisson.
He rested the back of his head between two of the spokes, closed his
hazel eyes and blew out a long hard sigh. He was dog tired.
by Dean Lambert
During the Civil War, the most noted Union offensive into Louisiana
was the Red River Campaign of 1864. This Union invasion into central
and northwest Louisiana brought fame to several small settlements
that were located on or near the Red River.
11th Corps at Gettysburg
National Tribune (1869)
The writer of this little article does not claim for it absolute
correctness in the minutest details, it being penned mostly from
memory, but endeavors to bring before all comrades of the Army of
the Potomac, especially the First Corps, a comprehensive sketch of
the fighting of the two divisions of the Eleventh Corps
Willich in the Civil War: Heart of a Communist/Mind of a Prussian
by Mike Quigley
He was also referred to as "The Reddest of the Red" and at a meeting
at a Cincinnati German Workers Union Hall in the uproar on the
execution of John Brown, August Willich exclaimed to his listeners,
" Whet your sabers and nerve your arms for the day of retribution
when Slavery and Democracy will be crushed in a common grave."
Small and "The Planter"
by Laurie Chambliss
Actually, this story, like many we tell, starts with a group of
naked men. It was Monday, May 13th, 1862, on one of the many little
islands which both fill and make up Charleston Harbor, South
Carolina. What is called the Coosaw River runs more salt than fresh,
but on a hot Carolina spring afternoon, it looked extremely
appealing to members of the 8th Michigan Infantry.
Claudia Johnson: Heroine of the 1st Maryland Volunteer Infantry,
by Gary Baker
The end of America's Ante-bellum era came with a resounding crash on
April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces in Charleston, South
Carolina, opened fire on Fort Sumter. For many Americans,
Northerners and Southerners alike, whose loyalties were torn between
their state and their country, economics and morality, family ties
and political beliefs, the bombardment brought an abrupt end to
North Cavalry Field of Gettysburg
By Troy Harmon, National Park Ranger and Historian
Hunterstown Cavalry Battlefield, also known as North Cavalry Field,
is a National Shrine waiting to be fully appreciated and brought
into the fold of sacred places visited regularly by patrons of
Gettysburg National Military Park. Fields and barns to either side
of the Hunterstown road...
By Lawrence J. Spinnenweber Jr.
On the morning of September 19, 1862, the New York Tribune printed
the first report of the battle that had been fought two days earlier
along Maryland's Antietam Creek. Within hours every Northern city
buzzed with talk of the war's bloodiest day. Every city, that is,
except Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Mother of the Union Army: The Story of Mary Ann Bickerdyke
by Laurie Chambliss
Going to church can occasionally be a life-changing experience.
Sunday, May 26, 1861 was one such church-going experience, for Mary
Ann Bickerdyke of Galesburg, Illinois. It changed her life utterly
for the next four years--and saved the lives of more Union and
Confederate soldiers than will ever be known.
Jekyll and Hyde Myth Of Nathan Bedford Forrest
By R.L. Richardson
A few miles near Tuscumbia, Alabama, the Confederate Army marched
along the Memphis and Charleston Railroad. Private Phillip D.
Stephenson, loader of piece No. 4, 5th Washington Artillery, Army of
Tennessee, had fallen behind.
From Aldie to Winchester: Touring Route 50
By Joe Pickett
West bound on Route 50 from Washington, D.C. to Winchester, Va., the rising sun
warms the Shenandoah Valley, where little has changed since the days when the
War Between the States tore this vital region, and a nation, asunder.
Rights: Do We have It All Wrong?"
A Guest Editorial by Eric Longley
Under the conventional narratives of the Civil War, the Southern
states seceded from the United States on account of "states' rights."
Contemporary political debate over the war takes this "fact" as a starting
The Confederacy’s “Other” Army: The Army of
By Michael Brasher
General Without His Due: John Curtis Caldwell, Brevet Major General USV
By Patricia Caldwell
All too often Civil War history is known only by the Grants, the
Lees, the Jacksons and the Shermans. The real history is instead a
composite of the division and brigade commanders, the regimental
colonels and the private soldiers. These can arguably be called the
real heroes of the Civil War.
“I’se So ‘Fraid God's Killed Too”: The Children
By Patricia Caldwell
All too often we think of the Civil War as a
contest between two opposing armies. In fact, many battles were
fought in virtually unoccupied areas. However, there were indeed
those conflicts whose resolutions would only come about after the
upheaval and destruction of civilian lives.
Blood In The Streets of Baltimore
By Gary Baker
Since the earliest days of the American colonies there had been significant
political, religious, social and economic differences between the northern and
southern regions of the United States. Throughout the early 1800's these
differences had grown greater and greater causing a schism to develop between
these two regions.
John D. Imboden and the Confederate Retreat from Gettysburg
By Heather K. Peake
It was the evening of July 3, 1863, and General Robert E. Lee faced a serious
problem. The Battle of Gettysburg was over; his massive assault on the Union
center had failed; his troops were spent; it was time to depart the field.
“…from whence no traveler returns…”:
Robert Rodes and the Men Who Served Him
By Jason Amico
Casualties on the opening day of the Battle of Gettysburg (July 1,
1863) were quite high for Major General Robert E. Rodes’ Division of
Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell’s Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
“Good Logistics is Combat Power”: Sherman,
Atlanta, and the Sinews of War
By Michael Brasher
While discussing the part he played in Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm,
Lieutenant General William G. Pagonis noted that his logistical organization’s
vision was captured in the slogan “Good Logistics is Combat Power.”
By Richard Lewis
Like so many places in the South, the Civil War
left its indelible mark on the Virginia Military Institute. The
cadet barracks building still bears the scars of its 1864
destruction. The VMI post is littered with monuments and memorials
that remind modern-day cadets and visitors of VMI's outstanding
combat record during the 1860s.
Right Arm of Custer: Colonel James H. Kidd, 6th Michigan Cavalry
As the last of the apple blossoms were swept away by the groundskeepers, and the
slight chill that had been in the Michigan air for over 6 months was finally
gone, hundreds of young men scrambled this way and that, desperately trying to
make it to their final exams.
Worst Fears Have Been More Than Realized" : Yellow Fever Hits The Union
By Robert Macomber
By late summer in 1864, the fighting between the Union and Confederate navies
included the well publicized battles of Mobile and Cherbourg, where Farragut and
Winslow scored their decisive victories and earned ever lasting fame.
"Southern Women Record the Civil War":
The Civil War As Seen Through The Eyes Of The Women Who Lived
The American Civil War is often described as the first modern war, a war not
only between armed men in battle, but total war waged upon the ability of the
enemy nation to make war. Total war rains destruction upon the unarmed civilians
in their homes, factories and fields.