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 Posted: Wed Dec 19th, 2007 10:33 pm
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ole
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Also the garrison was at Ft. Moultrie where Anderson ascertained his men were vulnerable to attack. It was at this time with no instructions from Washington that he then removed his garrison to Ft. Sumter and hurried up the completion and arming of the fort.


Partially true. He was at Moultrie when things began to look like he would soon be attacked. However, he did have instructions from Washington (Floyd) giving him permission to vacate Moultrie if he were threatened. Following the move, Floyd threw a massive fit -- until a copy of the order was produced. He was gone shortly thereafter. Anderson didn't have the manpowere to even begin completion of the Fort, let alone hurry it up. They did manage to mount a few of the guns that were there -- a far cry from "arming the fort."
When the US did decide to send supplies to Ft. Sumter they also chose to provoke South Carolina by sending additional reinforcements. At this time other forts were being peaceably given over to the Confederate authorities by the Federal commanders.

Again, partially true. But a message from Lincoln to Governor Pickens assured the Governor that the reinfocements would not be landed if delivery of the supplies was uncontested. Many of those forts and arsenals being "peaceably" given over to authorities were manned by a couple of caretakers or, at best, less than a dozen regulars. They seemed to prefer peaceably giving over their charges than dying to protect them.

I haven't gotten into Mark W. Johnson's That Body of Brave Men deeply enough to confirm Johan's figure. But in the Prologue, Johnson he does state that, "The Federal regulars who were not able to make it out [of Texas], about 1,300 in number, were taken prisoner in Texas and New Mexico during April and May. Most of the officers were paroled, but the soldiers were forced to work as laborers at some of their frontier posts. Almost two years would pass before the last of the Texas regulars were exchanged and set free."

And on the first paqe: "America's military professionals were few in number at the time of the Ft. Sumter bombardment, numbering less than 16,000 officers and men. Making a bad situation worse was where the regulars were located. In April 1861 most of the regulars were either stationed west of the Mississippi River or marking time in Confederate prisons. Of the Old Army's nineteen regiments (ten infantry, four artillery, two dragoons, two cavalry and a regiment of mounted riflemen), the only forces available for immediate service were a handful of artillery companies scattered along the East Coast and the troops who had escaped from Texas."

ole

 

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