|View single post by 39th Miss. Walker|
|Posted: Tue Jan 1st, 2008 05:23 pm||
39th Miss. Walker
|In the early 1800's 1820'2 through about the 1840's, there was a debate within the states as well as Federally over the concept of States Rights and Nationalist.
The States Rights point of view was a very strict interpretation of the Constitution where the Nationalist view was of a stronger central government and a more liberal interpretation.
This mostly came soon after the War of 1812. Reasoning being that the Federal Government had to keep and fund a central militia for the protection of all the states.
The Congress added roads as a military necessity and for the "General Welfare" of the Country. This led to "Internal Improvements" which were then opposed by the States Rights group as unconstitutional. Particularly when they only benefited the North.
South Carolina was very divided over this issue. Some like John C. Calhoun, who we today think of as States Rights were for many years Nationalist and opposed the doctrine of States Rights as put forward by William Smith.
All of this begain to change with a couple of things; the Tariffs, protectionism for Northern Industries and the slavery question.
If anyone is interested I can go into more detail later.