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|The burning of the Shenandoah, the "breadbasket of the Confederacy", did have a military justification (try and tell that to the folks without a home!). The Valley was feeding the armies and thus a legit target. Chambersburg on the other hand was burned for one of two reasons, revenge or cash ransom, both of which spell out atrocity.
Let's not forget what Ivan Vasilyevich Turchaninov (John Basil Turchin) did to Athens, Alabama. There was no justification for the "Rape of Athens" and the nasty cuss was promoted to Brigadier before his sham of a court martial was even over.