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 Posted: Wed Nov 25th, 2009 08:32 pm
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Unionblue
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Marmaduke wrote: Please:

I have one paste from this site http://historian.house.gov/question081709.shtml

"The Constitution states, in Article I, Section 4, that "The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, and such Meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by law appoint a different day." However, “[The President] may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them...” according to Article 2, section 3, meaning if the President so chooses, Congress can return from a recess period to work on matters in an emergency or ‘special session.’ An example of a ‘Special Session’ of the House being called can be found with President Abraham Lincoln during the early years of the Civil War. Lincoln called Congress back into session on 4 July 1861 throughout 6 August 1861 to discuss war measures."

Can a president do this in advance for to allow time of travel for the officers, when he will be first in office? I do not know.

 

Marmaduke,

The key word here in your question is "Can a president do this in advance..." perhaps, but not a president-elect.

Now lets look at your question with Lincoln sworn in as President on March 4, 1861.  What were the conditions of the country when Lincoln finally became President?  When did Congress adjourn?  What were the conditions of travel in 1861?  How long would it take Congressmen and Senators to travel back to Washington from their home States and districts?  And what were the political considerations that would have Lincoln wanting the Congress back on July 4, 1861?

Should be a fun discussion.

Sincerely,

Unionblue



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