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|For Southern morale purposes, I think that being defensive enabled them to foster more hatred for Yankees, who by nature of a Southern defensive strategy, would be the aggressors....
But, I don't think a defensive startegy in and of itself would have won the war because the Southern armies would eventually be whittled down due to the overwhelming manpawer that the Federals would eventually amass. The South could not replace troops as fast as the North could, and the Confederate army would be erroded. I think a defensive strategy alone would have protracted the war...Wars aren't won by letting the enemy come to you, unless you're fighting in a terrain like Russia, where the attackers (under Napoleon & Hitler) both got over-extended and too far away from supplies in bad weather and "scorched earth"....