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BHR62, I think you are right that Lincoln found the idea of slavery repugnant-even if he held pretty standard views of black men for his time and wasn't sure what to do with the freedmen after the war. However, he also held the Constitution in such high regard that he believed he could do nothing to interfere with the institution where it existed no matter his personal sentiments on the subject. He did believe that Congress could constitutionally regulate slavery in the territories--which was why Southerners hated him. For Lincoln, the Emancipation Proclamation was a constitutionally legal military measure that happened to coincide with his personal beliefs.
I agree with you on Lincoln using the EP for political reasons but I disagree that he held the Constitution in "high regard". His suspension of habeas corpus, the way he silenced newspapers by stomping on free speech, and the way he handled the Florida campaign makes me think he had little regard for the Constitution at times.