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 Posted: Sat Jan 20th, 2007 01:37 pm
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calcav
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Ole,

The regimental monuments were placed by the individual states in the 1890's and early 1900's, but it was up to the Park Commission to determine thier placement. Each monument was placed at the site of the regiments most significant action during the battle. The 9th Illinois' monument is located just north of the ravine that Cockrill mentions. On the Trailhead map the monument is identified as #47 and is close to the coordinates G8. The site of Johnston's monument (the site where Gov. Isham G. Harris identified is where he found Johnson reeling in the saddle) is slightly to the southwest and marked by a cannon icon and the #17. The ravine is shallow here, only 10 to 15 feet at the most, making a perfect rifle pit with cover below. This may not be the position they were in at the time of Johnston's wounding however. At aproximatley 2 p.m. they left this position and fell back about 500 yards. It was at about 2:30 p.m. that Johnston recieved his fatal wound. The exact times are hardly accurate though. Time did not become standardized for several more years and what my watch might say could vary significantly from yours. Take for example the start of the battle. Dozens of peole who were there noted the time the first shot was fired, and none of thier times matched!

The 9th Illinois took a severe bleeding in this spot. The casualties it suffered in the ravine and the ridge to the north of it were the highest of any individual regiment in the battle, north or south. They suffered 103 killed and 263 wounded (366 total) out of 578 engaged. Col. August Mersey was given the butcher's bill after the battle and the German officer hung his head and muttered, "Mine poor liddle Nint'". The Ninth is also the only regiment to have two monuments on the field. The state monument, which is of the same shape and size of all of the Illinois regimentals at Shiloh, is the one described above. There is another monument, placed by the veterans themselves, in the southeast corner of the National Cemetery. (This monument was toppled in the 1909 tornado, sending it 20 feet down the bluff). This was possibly the first monument placed on the battlefield.

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