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| Widow, what you say is quite true. The attempt to preserve a balance in political power went back half a century before the war began. Northerners were against adding new slave states because due to the 3/5 rule, they considered that these states would be overrepresented in Congress. They also resented having to compete with slave labor. Thus, you see an example in the Missouri Compromise of 1820. Missouri was brought in as a slave state and Maine as a free state. In this way, the balance in the Senate was preserved.