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| Ole, as part of the Missouri Compromise in 1820, southerners agreed to a provision that while accepting Missouri as a slave state, slavery would be prohibited in all other parts of the Lousiana Purchase north of 36 degrees 30' north latitude. They agreed to this because they believed that the Arkansas Territory (present states of Arkansas and Oklahoma}, would be suitable for a plantation economy.
If they had accepted your idea that attempted expansion of slavery westward into the territories was a fruitless exercise, then they might as well have stood with South Carolina during the Nullification Crisis. Then they could have resolved the entire question thirty years earlier. However, if they had taken that course, they would have discovered that Andrew Jackson would have been an angrier opponent than Abraham Lincoln was.