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James Dunwoody Bulloch - Other People of the Civil War - The Participants of the War - Mikitary & Civilian - Civil War Interactive Discussion Board
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 Posted: Sun Mar 3rd, 2013 03:54 pm
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Texas Defender
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  Topics relating the naval subjects are seldom seen in this forum, but the recent introduction of the subject of crewmen of the USS MONITOR has inspired me to introduce a man who is little known today but who made a profound contribution to the cause of the Confederacy.

JAMES DUNWOODY BULLOCH COVERT CONFEDERATE by Ted Fisher

  James Dunwoody Bulloch (1823-1901) was from Georgia. As a teenager, he was appointed a midshipman in the US Navy, where he served for 15 years, rising to the rank of Lieutenant.

  In 1854, Lieutenant Bulloch resigned his commission and went to work for a NYC shipping company (Cromwell Steam Co.). He oversaw the building of ships and also operated steamers that ran from NYC to Havana to New Orleans, and back.

  The beginning of the war in 1861 found Mr. Bulloch in New Orleans, operating the mail steamer BIENVILLE. While his loyalty was to the state of Georgia, Bulloch refused to surrender his ship in New Orleans, stating that he was duty bound to return it to its owners in NYC. Eventually, he was allowed to proceed, and he delivered the ship safely to NYC.

  Mr. Bulloch had been contacted by then CSA Attorney General Judah Benjamin, who asked him to join the CSA cause. After leaving the BIENVILLE in NYC, Mr. Bulloch met with CSA Secretary of the Navy, Stephen Mallory. Bulloch was offered a commission as a commander in the CSN, which he accepted. Much to his disappointment, he wasn't given command of a ship (The CSN had none of note at that time).

  Mr. Mallory decided that Commander Bulloch was uniquely qualified to be sent to Europe as a purchasing agent to acquire ships there.. Bulloch arrived in Liverpool in June of 1861. There he made a connection with Fraser, Trenholm, and Co., a firm that operated blockade runners. He also set in motion operations that would result in the purchase, building, and sailing of, among others, the most famous CSN cruisers, which included the CSS ALABAMA, the CSS FLORIDA, and the CSS SHENANDOAH.

  The CSN cruisers had a devastating effect on US commerce at sea. The three ships mentioned above captured or destroyed 143 US ships, and caused many more to shift to foreign flags. US diplomacy, however, was eventually able to limit Mr. Bulloch's ability to procure ships. When the war ended in Confederate defeat in 1865, Bulloch was not offered amnesty. He did not request a pardon. He remained in Liverpool and became a cotton trader.

  James Bulloch was joined in Liverpool by his much younger half-brother, Irvine Stephens Bulloch (1842-1898). Irvine was also an officer in the CSN. He was the youngest officer on the CSS ALABAMA, and reportedly fired its final shot in the losing battle against the USS KEARSARGE. Irvine also served on the CSN cruisers NASHVILLE and SHENANDOAH.

  In 1879, James Bulloch was visited by the son of one of his half-sisters. The nephew's name was Theodore Roosevelt. (Mr. Bulloch was also related to Eleanor Roosevelt). Mr. Roosevelt asked his: "Uncle Jimmie," to write about his experiences, and Bulloch agreed. In 1883, the resulting work was published in two volumes. The title was: "The Secret Service of the Confederate States in Europe- or How the Confederate Cruisers Were Equipped."

The Secret Service of the Confederate States in Europe: or, How the Confederat

  Mr. Bulloch later came to the US under an assumed name and visited his relatives. He returned to Liverpool, where he died in January of 1901. He left a considerable sum of money to his nephew, "Teddy," who had recently been elected Vice President of the United States. Mr. Bulloch did not live to see his nephew become President of the United States, which happened later that year after William McKinley was assassinated.

  James Dunwoody Bulloch lies buried in Liverpool, along with his wife, some of his children and his half-brother, Irvine. Mr. Bulloch's tombstone is inscribed: "An American By Birth. An Englishman by Choice."

  As an aside, in 1839, James Bulloch's father, Major James Stephens Bulloch, moved his family to Cobb County, GA, where (with Roswell King) he established a cotton mill. The major built his home (Bulloch Hall) in what would become Roswell, GA.

  During the Civil War, General Sherman's forces occupied Roswell and, in effect, kidnapped hundreds of female mill workers and sent them north. This topic was previously discussed in the thread linked to below:

Roswell Georgia mill women - General Civil War Talk - Civil War Talk - Civil W

Editing:   Bulloch Hall still stands....

Bulloch Hall - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
   This site contains a picture of then President Theodore Roosevelt when he visited Bulloch Hall in 1905. It also contains a statement that he made about his heritage. James Dunwoody Bulloch was not, however, "An admiral in the Confederate service," as Mr. Roosevelt claimed at that time.

Last edited on Thu Mar 14th, 2013 05:41 pm by Texas Defender



 Posted: Thu Mar 7th, 2013 06:58 pm
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So ultimately Bulloch would be responsible for the last Confederate surrender.



 Posted: Thu Mar 7th, 2013 07:17 pm
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Hellcat-

  Yes, you could say that. It was James Bulloch who used his usual ingenuity to secure the ship that became the CSS SHENANDOAH. It fired the last shots of the war and travelled halfway around the globe (After learning in June of 1865 that the war was over, the crew decided in August to sail the ship to Liverpool) to finally surrender in Liverpool on 06 November1865.
  The captain of the SHENANDOAH, James Waddell, surrendered the ship to the British Government. It was then turned over to the US Government and was later sold.


 CSS Shenandoah - Confederate Raider CSS Shenandoah    The story.

Confederate Ships--CSS Shenandoah (1864-1865)   Some pictures and other images.

The Last Shot: The Incredible Story of the C.S.S. Shenandoah and the True Conc

  ...and a book on the subject.

Sea of Gray: The Around-the-World Odyssey of the Confederate Raider Shenandoah     ....and another.


Last edited on Thu Mar 7th, 2013 09:26 pm by Texas Defender



 Posted: Thu Mar 7th, 2013 07:56 pm
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Actually I thought it was either late July or early August the crew learned the war was over and the last shots were June.



 Posted: Thu Mar 7th, 2013 08:12 pm
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Hellcat-

  From what I've read, James Waddell of the CSS SHENANDOAH was told by those on the US whalers in June of 1865 that General Lee had surrendered at Appomattox and that Mr. Lincoln had been assassinated. But he considered that some Confederates were still resisting and that he would continue fighting. Finally, in early August, a British captain convinced him that he alone had not surrendered and that there was no point in continuing. So at that point, Waddell disarmed his ship and made his way back to Liverpool, unseen by ships of the US Navy.

Editing:  This might not be the most scholarly narrative I've seen, but it has the basic story right:

Pauline's Pirates & Privateers: History: A Confederate Ship in the Arctic

Last edited on Thu Mar 7th, 2013 08:43 pm by Texas Defender



 Posted: Thu Mar 7th, 2013 08:27 pm
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  Here is something of an irony connecting the family of Charles Francis Adams, Sr., James Dunwoody Bulloch, the CSS SHENANDOAH, and James Iredell Waddell.

  In the early 1960s, a new class of guided missile destroyers was commissioned into the US Navy. It was named after Charles Francis Adams III, who was Secretary of the Navy from 1929 to 1933. Charles Francis Adams III was the great great grandson of President John Adams, and the great grandson of President John Quincy Adams.

Charles Francis Adams III - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

USS Charles F. Adams (DDG-2) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   This ship sits in a shipyard in Philadelphia as various groups try to raise funds in order to turn it into a museum.

  Charles Francis Adams III was the grandson of Charles Francis Adams, Sr. Charles Francis Adams, Sr. was the Minister to Great Britain during the Civil War. It was his struggle throughout the war to ensure that the British Government remained neutral. He also pressured the British throughout the war to crack down on ship builders to keep ships (Such as the one that became the CSS SHENANDOAH) out of the hands of the Confederate Navy. As the war continued, Mr. Adams was more and more successful at limiting the activities of Mr. Bulloch (Though Bulloch had his successes right up to the end of the war).

Charles Francis Adams, Sr. - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

   The irony of the story involves another ship of the Charles Francis Adams class of guided missile destroyers. One of the ships of that class was named after James Iredell Waddell, who was the captain of the CSS SHENANDOAH.

USS Waddell (DDG-24) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia  This ship was in service from 1964 to 1992.

James Iredell Waddell - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Last edited on Thu Mar 7th, 2013 09:52 pm by Texas Defender



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